Mozilla Firefox OS – New Competitor in Smartphone Market

Mozilla Firefox OS mobile phonesWhat is Mozilla Firefox OS all about?

Firefox OS is a new operating system specially designed for smartphones and tablet computers. Firefox OS is designed by Mozilla and set to debut into mobile phone market. Basically Mozilla Firefox OS is an open source operating system and uses a linux based kernel along with a run time engine called ‘boots into a Gecko (B2G)’.

 

History of Mozilla Firefox OS

Dr. Andreas Gal, the director of research at Mozilla Corporation, announced the “Boot to Gecko” project on 25th July 2011. The aim of this project was to building a complete standalone operating system for the open web. But later in July 2012 the project “Boot to Gecko” was re-branded as ‘Firefox OS’.

Currently the Firefox OS development is in full swing; the team constantly working on it to make it easier for users to use and hack on Gaia (the default set of apps) and create your own apps as well

What is New in Mozilla Firefox OS?

This is the most common question in everybody’s mind. How it is different from other mobile OS like Android, Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS, Bada etc. As we know, developing a web application using HTML and Java script is very easy. But unfortunately, Web API s and HTML platform has limited scope for accessing mobile phone’s hardware (like camera, call stack, accelerometer etc). What Firefox OS does, it is designed to allow all web developers to develop web based applications using HTML5 to communicate directly with the device’s hardware using JavaScript. So you can develop web based application and it can work as a native application on Firefox OS.

Mozilla Launching Smartphones with Firefox OS

Mozilla announced to launch two models with Firefox OS. It will come into market in the mid of June 2013. The two new smartphone models are Keon and Peak.

Mozilla Firefox OS smartphones

Keon Specification:  

Keon is an orange smartphone with a 3.5-inch screen size with Qualcomm 1-GHz processor.

Keon Mobile Cost:

It costs around 91 euros, or around $118. No doubt the cost is very low as compared to Android and iOS smartphones.

Peak Specification:  

Peak is another high end model smartphone from Mozilla with Firefox OS. It has a 4.3-inch screen size and runs on a Qualcomm dual-core 1.2-GHz processor.

Peak Mobile Cost:

Peak model cost around 149 euros, or around $194. No doubt this model has the cost, which is also very low as compared to Android and iOS smartphones.

Mozilla Firefox OS Architecture for Developers

Now let’s have a look into the Firefox OS software architecture. Basically Firefox OS consists of three key components:

1.       Gonk: It is the middleware that consists of a Linux kernel along with other software libraries. A hardware abstraction layer (HAL) is also associated with layer. Gonk runs on top of the mobile chipset layer which includes hardware and device drivers.

2.       Gecko:  It is the application runtime layer that implements and executes the HTML5, JavaScript and CSS environment.

3.       Gaia: It is the user interface layer in Firefox OS which provides the home screen and application launcher user interface etc.

Note: Since Firefox OS is the primary application model which is based on web technologies, so there is no real concept of native apps. All apps are developed using HTML, CSS and JavaScript technologies only.

Mozilla Firefox OS architecture

 

Mozilla Firefox OS architecture

 

I hope this small tutorial on ‘Mozilla Firefox OS – New Competitor in Smartphone Market’ will give some basic idea about the Mozilla Firefox OS.

You might like to read about Android OS architecture. Click here for details.

Post By SmrutiRanjan (57 Posts)

Working @ Samsung as a Project Lead for Android Smartphones. I have been blogging since 2008. Previously I was writing articles for other bloggers, but finally I have started my own blog-"Techblogon".I am also an active contributor for the blog-"Gadgets n Gizmos World". Job is my necessity, but blogging is my passion.

Website: → Techblogon

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One Response to Mozilla Firefox OS – New Competitor in Smartphone Market

  1. Er.Surya Prakash Chamoli says:

    Its very important information you share .Its good time switch android to this OS :-)

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